Diabetic Compression Socks: A Complete Guide 

Diabetes reduces the blood flow to the feet, causing diabetic neuropathy where you feel a tingling sensation, pain or experience complete loss of feeling in the feet. People also suffer from peripheral edema that causes swelling of ankles and feet, causing much pain and discomfort. Diabetic compression socks are developed for such patients to increase blood circulation on the legs, prevent friction and bring relief. You could select from a wide range of socks available in the market to meet your health needs. But before you get on with browsing, it is important to learn some facts. They are as follows:

The functionality of compression socks

Compression improves blood circulation by causing the blood to move towards the legs and back to the heart. Wearing diabetic compression socks prevents swelling of the legs and ankles, which might otherwise aggravate and cause foot infections. Such socks are made of soft, moisture-wicking fabric that is gentle on the feet. High blood glucose levels also cause dehydration and thickening of the blood, resulting in deep vein thrombosis. Compression socks create pressure allowing unrestricted blood flow preventing blood clotting or pooling and causing instant relief to pain and swelling.

Different types of compression socks

When your doctor has prescribed a particular strength or the amount of compression required for your feet, you avail of prescription-strength compression socks. The prescription also mentions the ideal length of socks to meet your health requirements best.  

If the condition of your feet has not aggravated to concerning levels and you have not consulted a doctor yet, you can get yourself over-the-counter socks. The light compression of such socks will provide relief from mild swelling and pains. 

It is best to use a compression hose with open toes to inspect your feet for sores or blisters and prevent infection if you have diabetic neuropathy and lost sensation in your feet.

Selection of socks

Sock selection must be made with consideration of particular health needs. If your diabetic neuropathy is at an advanced stage, you must emphasize wearing seamless socks that provide comfort and prevent the chance of injury. If you have not developed neuropathy and only have experienced mild symptoms, go for the pair you feel comfortable in to improve the blood circulation.  

The fit of the socks

The fit of the socks is of considerable importance, especially for those with poor blood circulation and swelling of the legs and feet. In such cases, diabetic compression socks that fit snugly and improve blood flow are the aptest choice. It should be remembered that compression socks must not be tight as it would hinder blood circulation. However, such socks have more elasticity than other socks as it encourages improved blood flow by squeezing the leg gently.  

Care for the feet

It is recommended to put on your socks first thing in the morning. You must ensure that the socks are worn with your legs elevated and are only removed when necessary. It is advised to regularly check the bottom of your feet to notice any changes and take timely actions. You also should not apply very hot water to your feet during washing. Moisturization is a must, but do not apply it in between the toes.  

Choosing the right pair of socks is challenging when you have health conditions like diabetes. With guidance from the doctor and proper usage of compression shoes, you can experience a lot of differences and significant improvement. 

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