Tonsils are collections of lymphatic tissue situated in the back of the throat. They help to trap bacteria, dead cells, and other debris from entering the body through the mouth. If you have an infection, such as strep throat, your tonsils Marrero will swell and become painful.
Tonsils are sometimes surgically removed, especially if they have become severely infected or otherwise damaged. They can also be injured during certain medical procedures, so it’s important to discuss any upcoming surgeries with your doctor to see if there will be any complications related to having your tonsils out.
If you are under 18 and still have your tonsils, it is recommended that you have them checked by a doctor at least once per year. If they appear inflamed or there is an odd smell coming from one or both sides of your nose, it could mean that you have a problem with your tonsils and should see a doctor for treatment as soon as possible.
What are the symptoms of tonsils?
- Pain or difficulty swallowing
- Sore throat pain
- Difficulty breathing or swallowing due to swelling of the tonsils
- Unusual throat discharge
What are the causes of tonsillitis?
Adenovirus: The most common cause of tonsillitis is the adenovirus, which causes a sore throat and fever. Adenovirus can be spread through saliva and respiratory droplet transmission, causing outbreaks of tonsillitis in close quarters, such as schools and offices.
Influenza virus: This is the most common infectious cause of tonsillitis. An influenza-like illness may be the presenting symptom and can last up to 10 days. The classic tonsillar exudate is a pus-like, white exudate that can be accompanied by streaking of the exudate over the surface of the tonsils. A person with influenza-associated tonsillitis may also have rhinorrhea, sore throat, cough, headache, malaise, and other symptoms typical of influenza. The diagnosis of influenza-associated tonsillitis is usually made based on clinical history.
Parainfluenza viruses: This condition could have various causes, but it is typically caused by viruses. Parainfluenza viruses are among the leading causes of tonsillitis, and these infections may be responsible for approximately 30% of all cases.
Enteroviruse: The most common cause of tonsillitis is enteroviruses. These viruses enter the body through the mouth, usually when someone touches their mouth after touching something contaminated with infected droplets from a sneeze or cough. Enteroviruses can also be spread from one person to another if they share food or drink.
How is tonsillitis treated?
Tonsillitis can be treated with antibiotics, which typically work after about one week and last for a few months. If tonsillitis returns after treatment, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove your tonsils. This surgery is generally safe and effective. However, it is linked to potential complications, such as bleeding and infection.
The tonsils are small, rounded clusters of lymphatic tissue located on either side of the back of the throat, behind the tongue. They are designed to trap and destroy harmful bacteria or other substances which may enter the body through the mouth. Although they serve a useful purpose in most cases, they can sometimes cause problems for their host if they become swollen or infected or are otherwise unhealthy. If you are suffering from tonsillitis, get in touch with ENT of New Orleans professionals now.